What is the Pension Protection Fund?

The Pension Protection Fund (PPF) is a government-sponsored fund that can pay compensation to members of defined benefit pension schemes if the employer goes bust and can’t meet its pension commitments.

The Pension Protection Fund was set up in 2005 to protect people in defined benefit pension schemes, which are sometimes called final salary pension schemes.

How does the Pension Protection Fund work?

If a company becomes insolvent (i.e. it can no longer pay its debts) and it doesn’t have enough money in its pension scheme to pay what’s been promised to retiring staff or former staff, the Pension Protection Fund (PPF) may step in to help pay pensions, providing certain criteria are met.

If the pension scheme qualifies, the PPF can pay 90% of expected benefits to members below retirement age. Those over retirement age, those receiving ill-health early pensions and those receiving survivors’ pensions normally qualify for 100% compensation. However, there is a cap on how much can be paid out. The cap for most people is currently just over £30,000 but it varies according to age, and is recalculated each year to take inflation into account.

As of 2019 the Pension Protection Fund has dealt with over 1,200 pension schemes and has over 249,000 members on their books. The PPF raises funds from levies paid by employers with defined benefit pension schemes and in 2018/19 they paid out over £775 million in compensation.

Why does the PPF only protect defined benefit pensions?

Unlike defined contribution pension schemes, which effectively work like tax-efficient savings accounts, a defined benefit pension is basically a promise from your employer to pay you a certain sum on retirement. If your workplace gets into financial difficulty, it may not be able to honour this commitment.

Most modern pension plans (apart from public sector pensions) are defined contribution plans, but in the past many large employers enrolled employees into defined benefit pension plans. If you’re concerned that your pension scheme may be getting into difficulties, take a look at our article on the BHS pension crisis for information about some of the warning signs.

About PensionBee

PensionBee puts you in control of your retirement saving by combining your pensions into a new plan that you can manage online. PensionBee pensions are defined contribution pensions, which means your contributions (as well as any contributions from your employer and the government) are invested in a range of assets. Find out more about PensionBee’s vision or sign up to PensionBee now.

Risk warning

As always with investments, your capital is at risk. The value of your investment can go down as well as up, and you may get back less than you invest. This information should not be regarded as financial advice.

Last edited: 06-04-2024

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