Saving for retirement is a long-term goal, so plenty can happen during your lifetime that might cause you to fall behind on your pension savings.
If you find yourself with a pension shortfall - when the amount you’re currently saving isn’t enough to reach your retirement goal - you’ll want to get back on track as soon as possible.
Do you have a pension income shortfall?
First, you’ll want to check if you’re on track to reach your retirement goal. The easiest way to do this is to use our pension calculator.
You’ll need to provide:
- Retirement income goal
- Current age
- Expected retirement age
- Current pension pot value
- Current level of contributions
If the projected income figure is less than your goal, then you’ve got a pension income shortfall.
How much do you need to save to catch up?
If you’ve used our pension calculator, learning how much you need to increase your contributions to meet your retirement income goal is simple.
Simply adjust the ‘personal monthly contribution’ slider until the projected figure meets your goal figure.
Here are some possible scenarios.
|Current pension pot||£2,000||£20,000||£40,000||£80,000|
The above scenarios assume a retirement age of 65 and an employer contribution of £150 per month. We haven’t included additional state pension income.
Bear in mind that you’re likely to earn a higher salary as you get older, so you should be able to increase your contributions over time. Your employer should also be able to pay in more as your salary increases.
Options to boost pension savings
If you need to make up for a shortfall, there are plenty of ways to go about it.
Join a workplace pension
It’s now a legal requirement for employers in the UK to offer a workplace pension to their employees. New employees should be auto-enrolled into this scheme, but it is possible for the employee to opt out of it.
If you’re working but haven’t joined your employer’s workplace pension scheme, doing so will help you get back on track. Not only will you receive tax relief on contributions from the government, but your employer will also contribute at least 3% of your salary.
Start a personal pension
If you’re self-employed or unable to join a workplace pension for another reason, you can always start your own.
You can choose between a defined contribution pension or a Self Invested Personal Pension (SIPP). Even though you won’t receive employer contributions (unless you own a Limited business), you’ll still receive tax relief from the government.
If you’re unsure which is right for you, you might want to speak with a financial adviser first.
Combine your old pensions into one
If you’ve worked multiple jobs over the years, you might have picked up more than one pension - in fact, the average person works 11 jobs in their lifetime!
Keeping track of multiple pensions can be time consuming, if you even know where to look. And given that different providers charge a different range of fees, you might find yourself paying more than you need.
Before moving your old pensions, check if there are any exit fees or other penalties that could make it worth keeping them where they are.
The longer you pay into your pension, the more chance it has to grow. And thanks to the miracle of compounding returns, the amount that it grows increases over time.
So delaying retirement by even a couple of years can significantly increase your retirement income. Here’s an example.
Let’s take a 55-year old with a pension pot of £150,000, and see how their retirement age could affect their income.
|Retirement age||Annual retirement income|
And this assumes they never pay into their pension again after the age of 55, which is unlikely.
Delaying retirement can have lots of benefits. For more, read 6 reasons why you should delay taking your pension.
Plan for a more modest retirement
Increasing pension contributions isn’t always possible, and it can become costly if you leave it until later in life (as we’ve seen). Depending on your retirement goal, you might find that you can actually live off less without seeing much impact on your standard of living.
A recent Which? survey suggested that couples enjoying a comfortable retirement spend £25,000 a year. That’s just £12,500 each.
So if you’re in a relationship and your goal was to earn £17,000 a year from your pension, you might decide that you don’t need to increase your contributions as much as you thought (or even at all).
However, if you can increase your contributions - even just a little - you might find it worth doing. Because no one knows what the future brings, and saving more now could pay off just when you need it.
Consider other ways of earning retirement income
While it’s sensible to have a good pension in place, you don’t necessarily have to rely on it exclusively to earn your retirement income.
Other ways of earning income in retirement include:
- Cashing out of other investments
- Selling collectable items
- Renting out property
- Downsizing your home
- Selling a second home
- Releasing equity in your home (comes with risks)
- Taking on part-time work
Planning ahead for retirement
Retirement is one of those things that seem a long way away until you get there, by which time your options to address any shortfalls will be limited.
If you do find yourself with a gap in your pension savings, don’t worry. The above tips should help you get back on track, even if you need to adjust your retirement expectations a little.
When it comes to pensions, the best time to act is when you’re young. The next best time is today.
The information in this article should not be regarded as financial advice.